The lumbar spine is the part of the back that takes the heaviest loads, supporting the weight of a person's body and all the weights he lifts during the day. That is why the strength of the muscular corset of the waist and its health are so important for the life and mobility of every person. When the lower back hurts, it is imperative to understand the causes of the pain in order to find effective means to eliminate it.
To understand what to do when your back hurts in the lumbar region, you must first understand why this happened. It is better to do this with the help of a qualified specialist who, based on all the symptoms, can identify the cause of lumbar spine dysfunction and prescribe effective treatment.
Lower back pain cannot be tolerated, it can seriously affect a person's further mobility. Experts also do not recommend trying to fix the problem yourself, as this can significantly worsen the situation.
The spine is a complex system composed of many interconnected elements. The harmonious functioning of each of them ensures good mobility of the whole body.
Even if your lower back doesn't hurt all the time, but from time to time, you shouldn't think that the pain will go away on its own. Painful sensations are always a syndrome that indicates the presence of a disorder. Ignoring it means allowing the disease to develop and progress.
Causes of back pain
Considering all the possible causes that can cause lumbar pain will help you figure out what to do next. Most often, lower back pain can be due to the following reasons:
- diseases of the spine - scoliosis, osteochondrosis, osteoporosis, spondylosis;
- pinched nerves;
- intervertebral hernia;
- excessive strain on the spine;
- hypothermia or colds in the lower back;
- passive lifestyle, poor circulation in the back;
- diseases of the internal organs located in the lumbar region;
- pain during pregnancy.
Very rarely, back pain occurs separately from other symptoms and is not accompanied by other manifestations. Most often a person experiences some additional disturbances or changes in the functioning of the body. By the nature of the pain and the accompanying symptoms, the doctor will be able to determine the cause of it and prescribe what to do next.
For example, if severe acute pain is accompanied by frequent urge to urinate, this may indicate a disorder that has the character of renal colic. This is a sign of the development of urolithiasis in the body.
It is very important to tell the specialist in detail when the back pain first started to bother you, how exactly the back discomfort is expressed, so that the doctor can understand the problem and prescribe what to do next.
How to alleviate the condition
If the lower back is diseased, it is mandatory to consult a neurologist. Especially if the painful sensations do not disappear for several days, and when moving or exerting intensify. Often, treatment for a lumbar problem involves the use of drugs that reduce inflammation and restore spinal function. In some cases, it is necessary to use painkillers to relieve muscle spasms and to understand the root causes of the disorder.
Other ways to eliminate lower back pain include:
- physiotherapy procedures;
- massage or manual therapy;
- taking vitamins and calcium to restore bone density;
Exercise is the most commonly used treatment for low back pain, as gymnastics can solve the problem quickly and effectively. For each case, the doctor may prescribe a different set of exercises that will be most suitable for the treatment of a particular disease. The main rule of the patient is to do everything as the specialist said and to follow all the recommendations for quick recovery.
The newest method of treating back diseases is acupuncture, which is performed according to ancient Chinese traditions. This method allows you to eliminate muscle spasm, activate blood circulation and normalize the activity of the spine. In rare cases of advanced disease, the doctor will prescribe surgery to eliminate the problem that has arisen in the lower back.
After the operation, the patient will be prescribed therapeutic and prophylactic gymnastics, the main purpose of which is to restore comfortable work on the lower back. However, it should be performed under the supervision and strict supervision of a physician in order to gradually restore muscle activity and strength. If the pain returns, charging should be stopped. Often the postoperative period is accompanied by the intake of vitamins or nutritional supplements that help the body recover from illness.
Prevention of diseases of the lower back
When you have back pain, the first thing you need to do is go to the doctor. However, it is much easier to make sure that the pain never bothers you. To do this, you need to follow a few simple rules that can be described as a healthy lifestyle.
First, moderate but regular physical activity will ensure a strong muscular corset on the back, which will make it much easier and easier to carry weights and loads.
Second, proper nutrition, rich in vitamins and trace elements, will allow all organs and parts of the body, in particular the spine, to be healthy and function normally for many years.
Thirdly, a comfortable place to sleep and an orthopedic mattress that ensures the correct distribution of body weight during sleep or rest.
When you start training, you should gradually increase the load and the number of exercises so that the muscles get used to working. You can do any sport that is fun: running, fitness, swimming, even walking in the fresh air will bring tangible benefits to the body. By taking care of yourself and your body, one will be able to forget about any pain for a long time.